4 Legal Classification of Documents

By September 22, 2022Uncategorized

(kk) `special access programme` means a programme established for a specific category of classified information which imposes protection and access requirements which go beyond those normally required for information at the same level of confidentiality. Registered documents that the execution is therefore not contested (c) Transfer of the original classification authority. (e) exceptional cases. If an employee, government contractor, licensee, certificate holder or recipient of an organization that does not have an original classification authority receives information that person believes requires classification, the information will be protected in a manner consistent with that order and its implementation policies. The information shall be transmitted without delay in accordance with this Decree or its implementing directives to the body which has an appropriate material interest and the power to classify such information. That body shall decide, within 30 days, whether to classify that information. Where it is not clear which authority is responsible for classifying this information, it is communicated to the Director of the Information Security Oversight Office. The Director shall designate the Agency with a primary material interest and shall transmit the information to that Agency with appropriate recommendations for determining the classification. (e) Information from foreign authorities retains its original classification marks or receives a U.S. classification that provides a level of protection at least equal to the level of protection required by the entity that provided the information. Information of a foreign government that retains its original classification marks does not need to be assigned to a United States classification label if the competent authority determines that the foreign government marks are sufficient to meet the objectives of the United States classification marks. The destruction of certain types of classified documents requires combustion, shredding, dissolution or spraying using approved procedures and must be documented and recorded. [Citation needed] Classified computer data poses particular problems.

See Data persistence. (h) Prior to publication, all published documents must be appropriately marked to reflect their publication. (cc) `origin classification authority` means a person authorised in writing, either by the Chairperson, the Vice-Chairperson in the performance of his or her executive duties, or by the Heads of the Agency or other officials designated by the Chairperson, to classify information at first instance. (d) `automatic declassification` means the cancellation of the dissemination of information based solely on the classification level and reservations being generally separated by `//` in the summary classification label. For example, the final summary marking of a document might look like this: b) People who apply derived classification labels must: There are also buckets that use code words that relate to specific projects and are used to help manage individual access requests. Code words are not classification levels themselves, but a person working on a project can add that project`s code word to their file and then access the relevant documents. Code words can also identify the sources of various documents; For example, code words are used to indicate that a document may break the coverage of intelligence workers when its contents are known. The World War II code word Ultra identified information found by deciphering German ciphers, such as the Enigma machine, that, regardless of its own meaning, could inform Germans that Enigma was broken when they realized it was known. The Regulation also requires agencies to establish and implement a programme for the systematic review of declassification on the basis of new and stricter criteria. This only applies to documents that have lasting historical value and are less than 25 years old.

Section 3.4 of Ordinance 13526 requires the authorities to give priority to the systematic examination of files according to the interest of researchers and the likelihood of declassification in the examination. (b) The archivist shall carry out a systematic synthesis programme to verify the confidentiality of classified information: (1) incorporated into the National Archives from the date of entry into force of this Decree; (2) be transferred to the archivist in accordance with section 2203 of Title 44 of the United States Code; and (3) for which the National Archives serves as the administrator of an authority or organization that no longer exists. This program applies to relevant documents no later than 25 years after the date of their creation. The archivist sets priorities for the systematic review of these records, based on the degree of interest of researchers and the likelihood of publication as part of the review. Those documents shall be examined in accordance with the standards of this Regulation, their implementation guidelines and the dissemination guides provided to the archivist by each authority which created the documents. The Director of the Information Security Oversight Office shall ensure that the authorities provide the Archivist with appropriate and up-to-date guidance on publication. The United States does not have an official secrets law based on the British model; Instead, several laws protect classified information, including the Espionage Act of 1917, the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, and the Intelligence Identity Protection Act of 1982. A 2013 report to Congress noted that relevant laws were primarily used to prosecute foreign agents or those who disclosed secret information to them, and that leaks to the press were rarely prosecuted. [3] The legislative and executive branches of government, including U.S. presidents, have frequently leaked classified information to journalists. [4] [Page needed] [5] [6] [7] Congress has repeatedly opposed a law or has not passed a law that generally prohibits the disclosure of classified information.